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- the north to be ruled by a communist government presided by HO CHI MINH
- 26 April - 21 July 1954 – the GENEVA conferences came to the armistice agreement and the final declaration on peace in INDOCHINA; VIETNAM was divided in two :
- the south to be ruled by a pro-US government presided by DIEM.
- On October 9th 1954, the last French troops left HANOI and HO CHI MINH entered the city.
- On October 28th 1956, the last French soldier left INDOCHINA.
- December 20th 1960 – the South-Vietnamese Front National de Libération (FNL) was created. On February 1961 creation of a “national liberation army”.
- In December 1961 the number of US “military advisors” reached 15,000.
- On June 2nd 1962, the international control commission denounced the assistance North Vietnam gave to the Vietcong (short for Vietnamese communists)
- On November 11th 1963 there was a putsch against DIEM. The Americans dropped him ; as a consequence he “accidentally committed suicide”. General MINH became the new leader of the country. He himself was to be overthrown by General KHANH on January 30th 1964.
- On August 4th 1964, the “TONKIN GULF incident” (i.e. the attack of two US destroyers by two North-Vietnamese motor torpedo boats marked the beginning of the mass involvement of the US in VIETNAM
- February 28th 1965, beginning of systematic bombing of NORTH VIETNAM. The number of US soldiers in VIETNAM reached 125,000 in the summer of 1965.
- June 19th 1965, General KY took power. General THIEU became head of South Vietnamese State.
- January 30th 1968, beginning of the “Tet offensive”. It ended in February with the defeat of the communist troops which had lost 60,000 men.
- May 10th 1968, beginning of negotiations in PARIS
- 1972 –US blockade of NORTH VIETNAM. The B52’s bombings of NORTH VIETNAM intensified.
- January 27th 1973, PARIS agreements on the “end of hostilities and the return of peace in VIETNAM”; In fact the war carried on in the south and extended to CAMBODIA.
- April 1975, fall of PHNOM PENH. The Khmer Rouge entered the city. They were to deport the city’s two million inhabitants within hours.
- April 30th 1975, fall of SAIGON.